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Victory at Sea (1952-1953)

Victory at Sea

(1952 - 1953)

Television / Series / Documentary / World War II

Victory at Sea, a 26-episode series on World War II, represented one of the most ambitious documentary undertakings of early network television. The venture paid handsomely for NBC and its parent company RCA, however, in that it generated considerable residual income through syndication and several spinoff properties. It also helped establish compilation documentaries, programs composed of existing archival footage, as a sturdy television genre.

The series premiered on the last Sunday of October 1952, and subsequent episodes played each Sunday afternoon through May 1953. Each half-hour installment dealt with some aspect of World War II naval warfare and highlighted each of the sea war's major campaigns: the Battle of the North Atlantic, the attack on Pearl Harbor , the Battle of Midway , antisubmarine patrol in the South Atlantic, the Leyte Gulf campaign, etc. Each episode was composed of archival footage originally accumulated by the U.S., British, Japanese or German navies. The footage was carefully edited and organized to bring out the drama of each campaign. That drama was enhanced by the program's sententious voice-over narration and by Richard Rodgers's stirring musical score.

Victory at Sea won instant praise and loyal viewers. Television critics greeted it as a breakthrough for the young television industry: an entertaining documentary series that still provided a vivid record of recent history. The New York Times praised the series for its "rare power"; The New Yorker pronounced the combat footage "beyond compare"; and Harper 's proclaimed that "Victory at Sea created a new art form." It eventually garnered 13 industry awards, including a Peabody and a special Emmy.

The project resulted from the determination of its producer, Henry Salomon, and from the fact that NBC was in a position to develop and exploit a project in compilation film-making. Salomon had served in the U.S. Navy during the War and was assigned to help historian Samual Eliot Morison write the Navy's official history of its combat operations. In that capacity, Salomon learned of the vast amounts of film footage the various warring navies had accumulated. He left military service in 1948, convinced that the footage could be organized into a comprehensive historical account of the conflict .

He eventually broached the idea to his old Harvard classmate, Robert Sarnoff, who happened to be the son of RCA Chairman David Sarnoff and a rising executive in NBC's television network . The younger Sarnoff was about to take over the network 's new Film Division as NBC anticipated shifting more of its schedule from live to filmed programming. A full documentary series drawn entirely from extant film footage fit perfectly with plans for the company's Film Division.

Also famous for its music score, eloquent narration, and combat footage.

Design for War: Battle of the Atlantic (10/26/1952)

Design for War starts with the outbreak of war as the German Blitzkrieg invades Poland in September of 1939. Soon afterward, Germany conquers Belgium, Holland and France. Great Britain is forced from the European continent and is then attacked during the Battle of Britain . England eventually gets the help of the United States to help supply the British Isles. Germany brings war into the Atlantic using their submarines to sink ship after ship. The Germans celebrate victory after victory, for now. It will not be long however before the Americans ready for war and join the Allies in late 1941.

The Pacific Boils Over: Pearl Harbor (11/02/1952)

Hawaii is peaceful during most of 1941, but the Japanese are preparing to change all of that in this episode. Japan has been preparing for war for years as they conquered most of China. They plan on attacking the United States next and expanding their empire south to Australia. Admiral Yamamoto designs a plan to attack Pearl Harbor . The U. S. Navy breaks the Japanese codes, but too late to stop the Japanese attack on December 7th, 1941. Over 2,400 Americans are killed and 1,200 more are wounded. Japan loses only 68 pilots and sailors in the attack. In the aftermath the U. S. Navy undertook the largest maritime salvage operation in history and painstakingly rebuilt the Pacific Fleet to help attack the Japanese Empire.

Sealing the Breach: Anti-submarine Warfare (11/09/1952)

After F.D.R. declared war on the Axis powers, America was already determined to help supply England in their battle against the Nazis. The U.S. Navy and Merchant Marines would help in bringing over tons and tons of continuous supplies across the Atlantic Ocean. But to do so means also facing the possibility of being torpedoed by a German U-Boat. The Battle of the Atlantic raged on for over 4 years as the Allies plan convoy after convoy to help defeat the Axis powers in Europe. The Germans fought furiously, but in the end they too would meet their doom. This episode focuses on the convoys in their hopes of helping the cause to win victory in the Battle of the Atlantic.

Midway is East: Japanese Victories and the Battle of Midway (11/23/1952)

Midway Is East is about how Japan attempted to force the United States out of the war early. Japan continued it's expansion as Japan forced the surrenders of Hong Kong, the Philippines and Singapore in their quest to control the entire Pacific Ocean region. In March of 1942, the Americans broke the Japanese code and then halted the Japanese invasion of Australia at the Battle of the Coral Sea. Then all changed during the Battle of Midway . The Japanese strike force attempted a landing on the island of Midway . The Americans were ready and Admiral Spruance's carrier forced attacked the Japanese fleet and eventually sunk all four Japanese carriers, while losing only the Lexington. The entire war with Japan turned forever in the Americans favor at Midway and never again were the Japanese on the offensive.

Mediterranean Mosaic: Gibraltar, Allied and Axis Fleets, Malta (11/30/1952)

In this episode, Hitler and Mussolini go over strategies in defeating the Allies in the Mediterranean Sea. The Italian Navy builds itself up as the French and British Navies try to protect all the Allied ships. The British must maintain the Rock of Gibraltar to help ensure the safe passage of all Allied shipping in and out of the Mediterranean. The Royal Navy must also prevent the German Navy passage into the Sea including U-Boats. But perhaps, the most important bastion is the island of Malta, which the British must protect at all costs. The Maltese endure over 1,700 air raids by the Luftwaffe and with the help of the Royal Air Force help keep the Mediterranean free from the Axis powers and eventually triumph in this battle for freedom. Malta became just another step towards Allied victory during World War II.

Guadalcanal: Guadalcanal (12/14/1952)

As the United States prepares for war in the Pacific against the empire of Japan, the U.S. Navy organizes convoys full of supplies and Marines, all to be sent to New Zealand. After the U.S. Navy's successes in both the Coral Sea and at Midway a search plane takes a photo of an airfield being built by the Japanese on the island of Guadalcanal. Admiral Nimitz decides to land the Marines there in their first real action of the war. The battle will last months as many Americans lose their lives to both war and disease. But in the end, it is the Americans who prevail and use the airfield, now called Henderson Field to wreck havoc on the Japanese soldiers and sailors. The United States stops Japan dead in it's tracks and thwarts any hopes of a Japanese invasion of Australia. Now it's the Americans who will go on the offensive.

Rings Around Rabaul: Struggle for the Solomon Islands (12/21/1952)

Japan fortifies the island of Rabaul in the Solomon Islands. They use this base to attack Allied shipping, airfields, ports and anything else that comes in their paths. The Americans counter by taking Guadalcanal first and then Googanville. The 3rd Marines land there and take control in 5 weeks of hard fighting. Then the Army engineers only take 5 days to build another airfield to help in cutting off the Japanese on Rabaul. The Allies continue this practice as Rabaul is completely cutoff and ultimately destroyed. Just another notch in the chain of advancement towards Tokyo

Mare Nostrum: Mediterranean Command (12/28/1952)

Mare Nostrum means "Our Sea" in Latin. The story of this episode is how the Axis powers tried to take control of Greece, the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Suez Canal. They failed on the last three. Hitler pressured the Italian Navy to take more initiative and attack the Royal Navy of Great Britain. Without any aircraft carriers, the Italians did not fare well, so control of the Mediterranean remained with the Allies. In North Africa, the German Afrika Corps (led by Irwin Rommel) defeated the British at Tuburk, but ultimately failed on the whole thanks to the naval forces of the United States and Great Britain for keeping the supply lines open. In the end, Rommel was forced out of Africa all together. The Suez Canal remained always in Allied control.

Sea and Sand: Invasion of North Africa (01/04/1953)

Sea And Sand focuses on the Allied invasions of Africa. With the United States first entering the war against the Japanese, the U.S. is also now at war with Germany. First, both America and Great Britain build large convoys of troop transports to land in Casablanca and fight the Vichy French into quick submission. Then the Allies also land another amphibious attack in Algiers . The Allies use both landings to pinch Rommel on both sides using General Montgomery and the British forces on one and with Patton and the American army on the other. The Germans are eventually forced to surrender over 200,000 troops to the Allies with ultimate defeat from the continent of Africa.

Beneath the Southern Cross: War in the South Atlantic (01/11/1953)

The Battle of the South Atlantic is the main theme of this show. The German pocket battleship Graf Spree starts it out by sinking thousands of tons of merchant ships, both neutral and of Allies descent until the the three British cruisers led by Devonshire forced the battleship into port at Uruguay. The Graf Spree decided to escape by scuttling itself. The German raider Atlantis also wrecked havoc in the southern seas, but met a different death as it was simply blasted out of existence. Brazil joined in the side of the allies and together with the United States formed convoys to help supply the Allies efforts in Africa to defeat the Axis. With control of the South Atlantic, Allied shipping almost always came made it through in the fight for victory.

Magnetic North: War from Murmansk to Alaska (01/18/1953)

The Germans and Japanese both try to attack the Allies in the farthest reaches of the Northern Hemisphere. First, the Germans attempt to destroy the convoys which are headed to Murmansk. The Germans are desperate to stop the supplies from reaching Russia. As the convoys enter the North Sea, the Luftwaffe is there to meet them with plenty of bombs. Then the German Navy hides in the fiordes to come out and surprise the convoys and still more bombings on the ships that still survive for the final leg into Russia. I n the second part of the video, the Japanese surprise the Americans with the invasion and capture of Attu. But forces from Dutch Harbor reorganize and an amphibious raid lands on the tiny island as the Marines eventually eliminate the Japanese invaders.

The Conquest of Micronesia: Carrier Warfare in the Gilbert and Marshall Isles (01/25/1953)

After American victories at Midway and Guadalcanal, the carrier fleets took some rest and recreation back in Hawaii. After refueling and completing some repairs, the fleets were sent back out to oust the Japanese in the Gilbert Islands and the Marshall Islands. The carrier fleets headed by Admiral Spruance had one simple order. Search and destroy the enemy. Using air superiority, the fighting marines and a barrage from the many US battleships, cruisers and destroyers, this mission was completed. And thus, another step towards Tokyo was taken. The loss is great, but the Americans will prevail and bring total destruction to the Japanese Empire.

Melanesian Nightmare: New Guinea Campaign (02/01/1953)

With the early successes of Pearl Harbor , Singapore, the Philippines, and their many other island takeovers, the Japanese next wanted to conquer Australia and thus have virtual control of the entire Pacific Ocean. The island of New Guinea and the port of Moresby stood in their path. The Japanese navy landed troops of the northern shore from the Bismarck Sea and the Japanese army would have to trek across the Owen Stanley Mountains to have success. The hope was that this surprise attack would force the Allies from the island. The Allies, lead by the Americans the Australians, had other ideas, and stopped the Japanese only 30 miles from the southern port city. Thus ended any hopes for the Japanese Empire to incorporate the island nation of Australia. The Allies would in fact go on their own island hopping campaign, forcing the Japanese back to Tokyo and ultimately to an Allied victory.

Italian Renaissance: Sicily and the Italian Campaign (02/02/1953)

As Italian resistance weakened Hitler turned the Italian nation from an Axis partner into a German satellite start directly under the Fuhrer's power. In the meantime, General Eisenhower planned the Allies next move to invade Sicily using Patton and Montgomery as the leaders of this attack. This campaign did not last long and the then Italian fleet surrendered their ships at Malta. The Allies finally landed on the main European continent near Salerno on September 3, 1943, and proceeded towards Naples. The battle lasted three deadly months, but eventually thirty-thousand German troops surrendered after heavy fighting and losses. The Allies then landed another invasion at Anzio, on the way to Rome, which was finally in Allied control by January of 1944. Italy was liberated and Mussolini was hanged by his own people. The citizens of Italy rejoiced as freedom arrived.

D-Day: Normandy (02/15/1953)

June 6, 1944 is the day that will live on in world history as the day when the Allied forces, lead by Great Britain, Canada, and the United States, landed in Normandy with hundreds of thousands of troops and millions of tons of supplies, vehicles, and weapons. It will forever be remembered in history as the day the Allied countries started the beginning of the end of the Nazis as a power in Europe and the liberation of France. Dwight D. Eisenhower, as the Supreme Commander of all Allied forces, helped plan this immense operation for more than a year. “Operation Overlord” was a success as the German armies were pushed off the beaches of Normandy and forced to retreat all the back to Germany. The European theater of World War II was drawing to a close and would officially end with the total surrender of Germany in spring of 1945, less than one year after D-Day.

Killers and the Killed: Victory in the Atlantic 1943 - 1945 (02/22/1953)

The Battle of the Atlantic rages on into the fourth year of the war. It is clear that the Allies are losing this battle far into 1943. But the Americans, Canadian, and British set up a ring of strategic air bases to counteract the destructive damage that the German U-Boats are cuasing. Allied air power forces the U-Boats to stay submerged for longer. Those that do surface are often found and then destroyed by Allied bombers, battleships, and destroyers. But in the middle of the North Atlantic is the “Black Pit”, where planes are too far from their bases. The Allies then turn to bombing the factories that mass produce the U-Boats and destroy them before they ever put to sea. The Americans build their forces to win the Battle of the Atlantic by producing new, long-range planes and by converting merchant ships into mini flat-tops for those planes. Many pilots are trained to help win this important prelude to the D-Day Invasion. Just weeks before the Allied Invasion at Normandy the USS Guadalcanal, which is one of the converted mini flat-top carriers, actually captures U-Boat 505, the first enemy ship captured on the high seas since the War of 1812.

The Turkey Shoot: Conquest of the Marianas (03/01/1953)

On December 10, 1941, Japan attacks the small American garrison on Guam with over 5,000 fully equipped Japanese soldiers. The few hundred marines had nothing bigger than a 30 caliber machine gun to protect against the huge Japanese naval force which came to seize the islands of the Marianas. The Americans had no choice but to surrender and the people of Guam were forced to learn Japanese. In June of 1944, the Americans appear in force on the horizon of the Marianas. They come with an invasion force of over 250,000 naval and marine troops. The Americans overwhelm the Japanese as they first strike Saipon and later liberate Guam. The Japanese navy launches a carrier force from the Philippines to help deter the American invasion in the Marianas. The Americans were ready and meet the and destroy the Japanese naval force in one of the most lopsided victories yet. Admiral Nimitz moves his entire commanding force from Pearl Harbor to Guam after it is secured in American hands. Over 17,000 Japanese lose their lives alone on Guam. The Americans help rebuild Guam from the ruins of over 2 1/2 years of control and war. Guam is in turn turned into the largest supply depot in the Pacific Ocean. Most importantly, the newly developed B-52's can now fly one-way to bomb Tokyo and other Japanese targets on the Japanese homeland from the safe confines of Guam. Thanks to the Seabees, Guam is turned into the largest attack base in the Pacific theater. The United States can now smell victory against Japan as Guam is now known as the Pacific Super Market.

Two if by Sea: Pelelui and Anguar (03/08/1953)

In September of 1944, the "Island Hopping" campaign continued on in to the chain of islands known as Palau. The American forces led by the Marines attacked both Pelelui and Anguar on the way towards the liberation of the Philippines. Pelelui was supposed to be a quick victory for the Americans as they landed on the tiny island on September 14th. Strong dug-in Japanese forces gave the Americans all they could handle as they would die almost to the final man. In the end, the Americans would clear the islands of all Japanese personnel as over 10,000 Japenese soldiers would lose their lives in the impossible task of defending the islands. Pelelui and Anguar are just two more islands that the Americans had to take in order to help liberate the people of the Philippines. Even a small convoy of 13 naval boats and barges could not stop the Americans as Japanese tried to reinforce their troops. Thanks to both the 81st Infantry Division and the 1st Marine Division, victory was won in both Pelelui and Anguar.

Battle of Leyte Gulf: The Sea Battle for Leyte Gulf (03/15/1953)

Leyte Gulf is where the war's largest naval battle took place in late October 1944. The American fleet, including both the Seventh Fleet under General MacArthur was responsible for the invasion in central Philippines and the Third Fleet headed by Admiral Nimitz. The Third Fleet's main objective was to protect the landing forces in and around Leyte Gulf. This responsibility to protect the invasion forces was given to Admiral "Bull" Halsey. The Japanese had no choice but to try to stop the Americans by meeting them head on before the invasion would begin. The Imperial Navy would split their attacking forces into three separate groups with the northern group being a diversionary force for the two main forces in the south and central. The two southern forces would try to surprise Halsey by going through the Surigao Strait. Over 132,000 troops, 200,000 tons of material on 750 transports and landing crafts were poised to land on the island of Leyte. The ultimate goal is the complete liberation of the Philippines. The Third Fleet boasted nearly a dozen aircraft carriers and six battle wagons, including four raised from the depths of Pearl Harbor : West Virginia, Maryland, California and Tennessee along with two of the newest and fastest in the world: USS New Jersey and the USS Iowa. The massive fleet under Halsey would sit off the coast of Samar. The two Japanese southern forces would split into two, with the main force traveling through the San Bernardino Strait in central part and was headed by five battleships (including the Yamato and the Musashi), twelve cruisers and fifteen destroyers. The smaller southern force would try to sneak through Surigao Strait to attempt a surprise attack upon the Seventh Fleet. All three Japanese forces were soundly defeated with thousands of casualties. In just 4 days of fighting, the Japanese lost 3 battleships, 1 large carrier, 3 light carriers, 6 heavy cruisers, 4 light cruisers, 9 destroyers. Japan ceases to be a naval power. In fact, the battleship Musashi is the first battleship ever to be sunk entirely by airplanes. At midnight of the 25th, the biggest battle occurred off the coast of Samar as the Japanese southern forces met the Seventh Fleet head on. The Americans poured salvo upon salvo on the unsuspecting Japanese forces in the Surigao Strait. Well over 5,000 Japanese sailors are lost in the battle. Even the survivors refused rescue and the southern force is destroyed almost entirely. The main force led by the Yamato, the largest battleship ever, tried in vain to defeat the American navy but also failed, as 100's of American carrier planes would pummel the Japanese naval forces as they really had no planes left since the great Marianas Turkey Shoot, thus ending any hope that Japan would be able to save the Philippines. It is just a matter of time now when Japan will be forced to end the war and surrender.

Return of the Allies: Liberation of the Philippines (03/22/1953)

After the tremendous and complete naval victory in Leyte Gulf, it was time for the American forces headed by General Douglas MacArthur to land in the southern Philippines. It was MacArthur who said, "I Shall Return", after he was forced to leave the Philippines and his army to Japanese in December of 1941. In late October 1944, the American GI's finally landed in full force. Through the Filipino archipelago, through 7,000 island, through jungles and swamps, the Allies marched north towards Manilla and the liberation of the island country. The Japanese tried to strike back by attacking the landing forces and ships with the Kamikaze airplanes. Once the Americans landed on the main island of Luzon in January 1945, it was a 100-mile march to Manilla. In Manilla, the 3rd US Army had to fight street to street and building to building to vanquish the Japanese. The enemy was doomed when their naval forces failed in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The people of the Philippines finally got their freedom after 2 1/2 years of tyranny rule from the Imperial empire. The end is now in sight as the Americans will next land on Iwo Jima in the coming months.

Full Fathom Five: U. S. Submarines (03/29/1953)

The story of the U.S. submarine force and its activity in the Pacific Ocean is told in this episode called Full Fathom Five. The goal of the American Secret Service was to sink as many Japanese merchant ships as possible during their trolling throughout the Pacific. Sink the ships that carry the raw materials back the to the Imperial Empire of Japan (oil, gas, iron ore, and rubber) to help feed the war machine. 4 or 5 new American submarines reach Pearl Harbor every month. Her crews undergo extensive training and maneuvers before their arrival in Hawaii. Admiral Lockwood, commander of the submarine forces in the Pacific realizes that use of American subs in a coordinated Allied wolf packs and also single vessels will help bring the war to a close much faster. These underwater ships with names like Thrasher, Tang, Barb and Silversides help sink tens of thousands of enemy shipping all over the Pacific. Besides torpedoing the Japanese Fleet, the U.S. Submarine Force is also responsible for carrying out other secret and hazardous missions: mining enemy waters, photographing enemy shorelines for invasion, rescue operations of downed pilots and many other military operations. The American submarine motto read, “Find Them. Chase Them. Sink them.” In the war’s end, some 1,392 Japanese ships are sunk with over 6 millions of tonnage, including tankers, freighters, cargo ships and many types of war ships. The American submarine force helps sink the Japanese empire. Fifty-two U.S. submarines never return. But for those that did return, their citation reads, “Well Done.”

The Fate of Europe: Black Sea, The South of France, Surrender (04/05/1953)

The Russian navy finally goes on the offensive in the Black Sea after 3 years of defeats and defense of the Mother Russia. In early May 1944, the Black Sea Fleet of the Red Navy moves into position to retake the port city of Sevastopol. The German Luftwaffe tries in vain to thwart the attack, but is forced to retreat. On May 9th, the city is finally liberated. In the aftermath of battle, the German SS Corps murder and plunder the Russian people on their trek back to Germany. In the west, Operation Anvil is put forth in motion as hundreds of Allied ships, set sail for the coast of southern France. Seven French divisions under command of General De Gaulle lead the invasion forces. Their first objective is to land and seize the port cities of Marseilles and Toulon. This will allow the Allied armies to unload thousands of troops, tanks, other vehicles and supplies. They are then ordered to fight their way through the French countryside and connect with the Normandy forces and drive back the Nazis back across the Rhine and into Germany. Paris is liberated on August 25, 1944. Allied leaders meanwhile, meet in secrecy in Yalta to formulate post-war plans and the formation of the international body that will become the United Nations. In March 1945, the Allied assault finally crosses the Rhine River and eventually forces the Third Reich into total surrender. Just before the end, Hitler commits suicide. The end comes in May of 1945 as Germany surrenders and new world order is born.

Target Suribachi: Iwo Jima (04/12/1953)

In the spring of 1945, Tokyo becomes a battlefield as the Allies bomb the Japanese city using long-range B-29 Superfortress bomber planes. They fly from Guam, Saipan, the Marianas and Tinian to deliver their payloads to the Japanese empire. Their mission: destroy factories, lines of communication and the infrastructure that runs the Japanese war machine. P-51 Mustang fighter planes from Iwo Jima help protect the bombers and strafe ground targets and other military bastions. The bombers attack city after city on the Japanese mainland. Iwo Jima, once under Japanese control is now a safe haven for the crippled or damaged bombers and her crews. The small island helps save tens of thousands of Allied air force personnel. As the Island Hopping Campaign continued over a 3-year period after the bombing of Pearl Harbor , a huge task force of many ships and troops converge on the tiny 8 square mile island called Iwo Jima in February of 1945. Before the invasion can begin, a naval bombardment comprised of 7 battleships, 4 cruisers and 15 destroyers unleash their full fury on the island for 72 hours. The marines are forced to land and only a headlong assault will eliminate the 23,000 well-trained Japanese soldiers. The island is a solid mass of underground fortifications and tunnels and is well defended. The marines use extreme force and air superiority to help climb the first obstacle on the island, the giant 566-ft extinct volcano called Mount Suribachi. In the end, 5,000 brave marines give their life to help win the battle and vanquish the enemy completely. With the island in Allied control, the B-29 bombers now have an emergency base to land on when called for. Iwo Jima ultimately saves the lives of 25,000 American airmen.

The Road to Mandalay : China, Burma, India and the Indian Ocean (04/19/1953)

Japan first invades China in 1937. They force millions of Chinese civilians to evacuate to the interior of China. Chungking becomes the new Chinese capital city. After Japan attacks America at Pearl Harbor , they also storm into Siam and Burma. The fall of Mandalay in May 1942 isolates China from the west. The Allied leaders meet in Quebec to formulate a plan to help keep China in the war. The Royal Navies of both Britain and Australia sail to the Indian Ocean to help stop the Japanese from any more expansion west of Burma. The Royal Indian Navy also helps to keep the sea-lanes open around India and to run anti-submarine operations. This is all necessary to assure that the supplies for battle are delivered to for the Allied fight for liberation. On the other hand, Axis submarines continue their fight to sink Allied ships as they deliver their precious cargos to the port city of Calcutta. Cargo planes help bring small supplies to the isolated Chinese, but most will have to be driven by convoy trucks after a new road is cut through the jungles of Burma. A true multi-national army begins the final campaign to liberate Burma and save China in late 1943. The combat troops fight their way through the jungle as the engineers follow behind, building a new road and pipeline to carry oil and gas. The Japanese conquerors fight valiantly, but are ultimately defeated by the Allied armies that track through the Burmese jungles and liberate Mandalay . The road from Mandalay to Ledo is finally completed. The British 14th Army finally returns and with 2,000 miles of pipeline complete, thousand’s of gallons of oil and gas is pumped into China. With the new road completed too, the first convoy heads into China in Jan. 1945. Chungking is finally reached three weeks later. China is saved.

Suicide for Glory : Okinawa (04/26/1953)

In one, last-ditch effort for glory , and having lost most of their best men in military uniform, Japan employs Kamikaze pilots: Men who willingly crash their planes into Allied aircraft carriers in order to destroy the enemy and crush his spirit. But the US Navy and Marines are ready for them with their battleship's guns, night and day. On Okinawa the Americans fight one last battle with the House of the Rising Sun before an atomic bomb hastens Japan's surrender.

Design for Peace: The Surrender of Japan and the Aftermath of War (05/03/1953)

This episode begins with footage of the atomic bomb that was tested in New Mexico . It then covers the devastation that occurred in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. With that Japan surrenders as that country's diplomat signs the official document, prepared by the US Military. General MacArthur and fellow officers sign as well.

Normandy Invasion photographed by U. S. Coast Guard

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