San Francisco After the Earthquake (1906)
San Francisco After the Earthquake
Disaster / Documentary / Silent
The earthquake of 1906 was a major earthquake that struck San Francisco, California, and the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, 1906. The most widely accepted estimate for the magnitude of the earthquake is a moment magnitude (Mw) of 7.9; however, other values have been proposed, from 7.7 to as high as 8.25. The main shock epicenter occurred offshore about 2 miles (3 km) from the city, near Mussel Rock. It ruptured along the San Andreas Fault both northward and southward for a total of 296 miles (477 km). Shaking was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles, and inland as far as central Nevada.
Dead - More than 3,000
•A report of U.S. Army relief operations (Greely, 1906) recorded:
◦498 deaths in San Francisco
◦64 deaths in Santa Rosa
◦102 deaths in and near San Jose
•A 1972 NOAA report suggested that 700-800 was a reasonable figure.
•Gladys Hansen and Emmet Condon, after extensive research, estimated that over 3000 deaths were caused directly or indirectly by the catastrophe. The population of San Francisco at the time was about 400,000.
Homeless - 225,000
•225,000 from a population of about 400,000.
Buildings Destroyed - 28,000
•"The 3-day conflagration following the earthquake caused substantially more damage than did the earthquake. The area of the burned district covered 4.7 square mile...". By one count:
◦Wood buildings lost = 24,671
◦Brick buildings lost = 3,168
◦Total buildings lost = 28,188
Monetary Loss - More than $400 million
•Estimated property damage : $400,000,000 in 1906 dollars from earthquake and fire, $80,000,000 from the earthquake alone.
San Francisco Before the Earthquake