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Howard Hawks DIRECTOR


Howard Hawks, director, screenwriter, and producer, was quite possibly the most versatile filmmaker of his time. Having pictures in almost every genre, notable ones more impressively, made this man one of America’s greatest. As well as his variety, he managed to inject various techniques and motifs into all of his works, making many of them the American classics we love today.

Hawks was born May 30, 1896 in Goshen, Indiana. About the time the motion picture industry was taking roots in Hollywood, his family relocated to California. He graduated from Cornell University with a degree in mechanical engineering in 1917, and then went on to be an assistant prop man at the Mary Pickford Company before joining the military. After his service was done, Hawks decided to move back to California to start a career in films. His first gigs were as an assistant director for “In Again, Out Again” (1917), “The Little Princess” (1917), “Go and Get It” (1920), “Dinty” (1920), and “Bob Hampton of Placer” (1921). In 1922, Hawks was hired as a screenwriter for Paramount and did work on approximately sixty films, although many of them do not credit him as a contributing writer.

In 1923, he debuted in his producing career, with “Quicksands”, which he also wrote. However, his real fame arrived when he started directing features. His first job as director was for Fox’s “The Road to Glory” (1926). He also doubled as the screenwriter for this picture. Hawks’ reputation as a director become known after he made eight silent films in the 1920s, but he further exploited his talent with his transition to sound. The adventure “The Dawn Patrol” (1930), the prison themed “The Criminal Code” (1931), and the ocean escapade “Tiger Shark” (1932) were among his first talkies. His star began to really shine, though, when he directed, produced, and helped write the controversial and hugely successful gangster flick “Scarface” (1932). He further became involved with the film by giving himself as small uncredited role. With its release, Hawks was hurled to the front of the directorial ranks.

He also directed the screwball comedy classic “Bringing Up Baby” (1938). The director followed up with the macho adventure “Only Angels Have Wings” (1939) and the romantic comedy classic “His Girl Friday” (1940). Continuing into the forties, he found even more hits. “Sergeant York” (1941), starring Gary Cooper, became the highest grossing film of the year, also bringing in two Academy Awards. In 1944, Hawks adapted one of Ernest Hemingway’s books, and “To Have and Not to Have” was born. It also began the famous and loved Hollywood pairing of Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart. They went on to appear in another one of the director’s pictures, “The Big Sleep” (1946), a version of Raymond Chandler’s famous mystery novel. He next worked on the western drama “Red River” (1948), which turned John Wayne into a superstar. Hawks made a few more movies before also launching the iconic Marilyn Monroe’s film career with the comedy “Monkey Business” (1952) and musical “Gentleman Prefer Blondes” (1953) that featured Monroe singing “Diamonds are a Girl’s Best Friend”. The director again worked with John Wayne in “Rio Bravo” (1959) and “Hatari!” (1962).

After the sixties, Hawks career slowed due to his age. He made the sporty action drama “Red Line 7000” (1965) before loosely remaking “Rio Bravo” twice – “El Dorado” (1966) and “Rio Lobo” (1970). While he was only nominated for Best Director once (for “Sergeant York” in 1942), he was bestowed an Honorary Award from the Oscars in 1975 for being “a master American filmmaker whose creative efforts hold a distinguished place in world cinema”. Hawks passed away on December 26, 1977 in Palm Springs, California at the age of eighty one. Married three times, he was survived by his four children. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, he has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.    

1971       The French Connection

1970       Rio Lobo 

1966       El Dorado 

1965       Red Line 7000 

1964       Man's Favorite Sport? 

1962       Hatari!

1959       Rio Bravo 

1955       Land of the Pharaohs

1953       Gentlemen Prefer Blondes

1952       Full House

1952       The Big Sky 

1952       Monkey Business

1951       The Thing from Another World

1949       I Was a Male War Bride 

1948       A Song Is Born  

1948       Red River 

1946       The Big Sleep

1944       To Have and Have Not 

1943       Corvette K-225

1943       The Outlaw

1943       Air Force 

1941       Ball of Fire

1941       Sergeant York

1940       His Girl Friday 

1939       Only Angels Have Wings

1939       Indianapolis Speedway 

1938       The Dawn Patrol 

1938       Test Pilot 

1938       Bringing Up Baby

1936       Come and Get It 

1936       The Road to Glory 

1936       Ceiling Zero

1935       Barbary Coast   

1934       Twentieth Century

1934       Viva Villa!

1933       The Prizefighter and the Lady

1933       Today We Live

1932       La foule hurle 

1932       Tiger Shark 

1932       The Crowd Roars 

1932       Scarface 

1931       The Criminal Code

1930       The Dawn Patrol

1929       Trent's Last Case

1928       A Girl in Every Port

1928       The Air Circus 

1928       Fazil 

1927       Paid to Love 

1927       The Cradle Snatchers

1927       Underworld 

1926       Fig Leaves 

1926       Honesty - The Best Policy 

1926       The Road to Glory 

1925       The Road to Yesterday

1925       The Dressmaker from Paris 

1924       Tiger Love

1923       Quicksands   

1930       The Dawn Patrol

1921       Bob Hampton of Placer 

1920       Dinty  

1920       Go and Get It  

1917       The Little Princess 

1917       In Again, Out Again    

Matinee Classics - Hatari! starring John Wayne
Matinee Classics - Rio Bravo starring John Wayne, Dean Martin, Ricky Nelson, Walter Brennan, Angie Dickinson, Ward Bond, John Russell, Estelita Rodriguez and Claude Akins
Matinee Classics - El Dorado
Matinee Classics - Rio Lobo starring John Wayne, Jorge Rivero, Jennifer O'Neil, Victor French, Susan Dosamantes, Christopher Mitchum, Mike Henry, Jack Elam, David Huddleston, Bill Williams and Edward Faulkner
Matinee Classics - The Big Sky starring Kirk Douglas, Dewey Martin, Elizabeth Threatt, Arthur Hunnicutt, Buddy Baer, Steven Geray, Henri Letondal, Hank Worden, Jim Davis, Iron Eyes Cody, Fraak DeKova and Guy Wilkerson
Matinee Classics - Red River starring John Wayne, Montgomery Clift, Joanne Dru, Walter Brennan, Colleen Gray, Harry Carey Sr., John Ireland, Noah Beery Jr., Harry Carey Jr., Chief Yowlatchie, Paul Fix, Hank Worden, Mickey Kuhn, Ray Hyke and Hal Taliaferro
Matinee Classics - The Big Sleep starring Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, John Ridgely, Martha Vickers, Dorothy Malone, Peggy Knudsen, Regis Toomey, Charles Waldron, Charles D. Brown, Bob Steele, Elisha Cook and Louis Jean Heydt
Matinee Classics - To Have and Have Not starring Humphrey Bogart, Walter Brennan, Lauren Bacall, Dolores Moran, Hoagy Carmichael, Sheldon Leonard, Walter Szurovy, Marcel Dalio, Walter Sande, Dan Seymour, Aldo Nadi and Paul Marion
Matinee Classics - Man's Favorite Sport? starring Rock Hudson, Paula Prentiss, Maria Perschy, John McGiver, Charlene Holt, Roscoe Karns, James Westerfield, Norman Alden, Forrest Lewis, Regis Toomey, Tyler McVey and Kathie Browne
Matinee Classics - His Girl Friday starring Cary Grant, Rosalind Russell, Ralph Bellamy, Alma Kruger, Gene Lockhart, Clarence Kolb, Abner Biberman, John Qualen, Helen Mack, Porter Hall, Ernest Truex, Cliff Edwards, Roscoe Karns, Frank Jenks, Regis Toomey, Frank Orth, Billy Gilbert, Pat West and Edwin Maxwell

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