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VIVIEN LEIGH BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:

Vivien Leigh was born on November 5th, 1913 in Darjeeling, West Bengal, British India with the birth name Vivian Mary Hartley.  Her parents were originally from England but opted to stay living in India till Vivian was six years old due to World War I. 
 
When Vivian was six years old, her family returned to England where her mother enrolled her in a convent for her schooling.   Being one of the youngest enrolled in this school made her experience not so successful, however her mother on a visit took her to see a live performance on stage and it was then that Vivian decided she wanted to grow up and be an actress.
 
When Vivian expressed her interest to her parents that she wanted a career as an actress, her father enrolled her at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in London.  During her schooling she met a man, Herbert Leigh Holman and they were married in 1932.  She left her acting school and opted at the time for motherhood.  However, in 1933, she realized she had made a mistake and decided she was ready to now to pursue a career as an actress.
 
Vivian was offered a small part in her first film debut, "Things Are Looking Up" (1935) and she then took on the stage name Vivian Leigh.  Vivian soon got a larger role on a stage play called, "The Mask of Virtue" (1935) and received great reviews.  Various film roles soon followed such as, "Look Up and Laugh" (1935) and "Gentleman's Agreement" (1935).
 
Her big break came when she traveled to the United States and did a screen test for the film, "Gone with the Wind".  She was up against some major female star actresses, but luckily, Vivien received the role and the film became a huge hit.  "Gone with the Wind" (1939) won an Oscar for Best Picture and Vivien won for Best Actress.
 
Vivien Leigh was a huge star and she continued to work in the industry taking on more film roles.  In 1940 she did two films, "Waterloo Bridge" and "21 Days Together" (both 1940).  The following year she appeared on the big screen with her husband in, "That Hamilton Woman" (1941). 

As Vivien continued to take on more film roles it was after her appearance on, "Caesar and Cleopatra" (1945) that her personal life began to suffer.  She had suffered from two miscarriages and was dealing with major depression.  Needless to say, Vivien was still well liked and received by viewers and her next major role in, "Street Car Named Desire" (1951) earned her a second winning Oscar performance.
 
Vivien did for more films before she finally returned from the industry appearing in, "The Deep Blue Sea" (1955), " ITV Play of the Week" (1959), "The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone" (1961) and "Ship of the Fools" (1965) being her final film role. 
 
Vivian married twice throughout her lifetime.  Her first love was on 1932 to Herbert Leigh Holman with whom she had one child, Suzanne Farrington and divorced in 1940 when her career was at an all time high.  She then married Laurence Olivier in 1940 and they remained together until 1961 appearing on film together.  She had one more relationship with John Merivale whom she lived with from 1959 until she passed away, however the couple never married. 
 
Vivien Leigh passed away July 7th, 1967 at the age of fifty three in London, England after being ill with tuberculosis.  She was cremated at Golderns Green in London and her ashes were scattered on the mill pond at her residence in Tickerage Mill in Sussex.   
 
Although a very famous actress with a very successful career, Vivien did suffer from manic depression and was a heavy smoker throughout her lifetime.  She actually had to undergo shock therapy to keep her depression under control.
 
Vivien Leigh was ranked #48 in Empire magazine in the UK as, "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" in 1997.  She was also named #16 Actress on the American Film Institute's 50 Greatest Screen Legends.  Vivien was also honored by being pictures on one of four 25 cent US commemorative postage stamps in 1990. 
 
 
Filmography
 
1965   Ship of Fools 
1961   The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone 
1959   ITV Play of the Week
1955   The Deep Blue Sea
1951   A Streetcar Named Desire 
1948   Anna Karenina
1945   Caesar and Cleopatra 
1941   That Hamilton Woman 
1940   Waterloo Bridge 
1940   21 Days Together 
1939   Gone with the Wind 
1938   Sidewalks of London 
1938   A Yank at Oxford 
1937   Storm in a Teacup 
1937   Dark Journey 
1937   Fire Over England
1935   The Village Squire 
1935   Look Up and Laugh 
1935   Gentlemen's Agreement
1935   Things Are Looking Up  





Matinee Classics - A Streetcar Named Desire starring Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando and Karl Malden
Matinee Classics - Gone With The Wind starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Leslie Howard, Olivia de Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Hattie McDaniel, Butterfly McQueen, Evelyn Keyes, Ann Rutherford, Eddie 'Rochester' Anderson, Ward Bond, Yakima Canutt, Cliff Edwards, Rand Brooks and George Reeves
Matinee Classics - Gone With The Wind starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Olivia De Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Hattie McDaniel, Rand Brooks, George Reeves and Leslie Howard
Matinee Classics - Gone With The Wind starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Olivia De Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Hattie McDaniel, Rand Brooks, George Reeves and Leslie Howard
Matinee Classics - Gone With The Wind starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Olivia De Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Hattie McDaniel, Rand Brooks, George Reeves and Leslie Howard
Matinee Classics - Gone With The Wind starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Olivia De Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Hattie McDaniel, Rand Brooks, George Reeves and Leslie Howard
Matinee Classics - Vivien Leigh
Matinee Classics - Caesar and Cleopatra starring Claude Rains, Vivien Leigh, Stewart Granger, Michael Rennie, Jean Simmons, Flora Robson, Francis L. Sullivan, Basil Sydney, Stanley Holloway and Cecil Parker
Matinee Classics - Dark Journey starring Conrad Veidt, Vivien Leigh, Joan Gardner, Anthony Bushell, Ursula Jeans, Margery Pickard, Ellioy Makeham, Austin Trevor, Sam Livesey, Edmund Willard, Charles Carson and Cecil Parker
Matinee Classics - Dark Journey starring Conrad Veidt, Vivien Leigh, Joan Gardner, Anthony Bushell, Ursula Jeans, Margery Pickard, Ellioy Makeham, Austin Trevor, Sam Livesey, Edmund Willard, Charles Carson and Cecil Parker


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