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Mary Pickford ACTOR
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MARY PICKFORD BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:

Mary Pickford was born April 8th, 1892 with the birth name Gladys Louise Smith in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.  Her father was John Charles Smith and her mother was Charlotte Hennessy.  Her father worked various jobs to support his three children. 

When Mary was a baby she was babtized in both the Catholic and and Methodist Church and this was when her mother chose to change her middle name to Marie.  Only three years after her birth, her father abandoned her family and left her mother with three young children to care for. 

Charlotte began taking in boarders to help support her family.  It was through one of these boarders that Mary Pickford actually got her introduction to theatre.  At the age of seven she got a small part at Toronto's Princess Theatre in a production of, "The Silver King". 

In 1989 the family heard word that John Charles Smith had passed away from hemorging due to his abuse of alcohol.  Entering into the 1900's, the entire Pickford family was involved in the entertainment industry.  Pickford and her mother and two younger siblings would tour the United States and perform on stage.  The family made just barely enough to support themselves.

After six years of travelling, Mary Pickford decided it was a now or never chance to get cast in a real broadway Production.  Luckily, Pickford landed a supporting role in a Broadway play titled, "The Warrens of Virginia" (1907) and it was this first performance where the producer of the play convinced Glady's to take on the stage name Mary Pickford.

Slowly things began to pick up career wise for Pickford.  She was offered a screen test for a company, Biograph in 1909 for a role in the Nickelodean film, "Pippa Passes", however, the role was given to another actress, but the director, D.W. Griffith was quite impressed with Pickford's style. 

He offered her a job where she would earn $10 a day with guaranteed work of $40 per week.  She played various parts in a numerous amount of silent films and her successessful career was well intact.  The Biograph company then decided to shoot some work in California.  They had been in New York and thought California would be a better location for filming.  The crew and Pickford travelled to Los Angeles and there she completed more films such as, "Sweet and Twenty", "They Would Elope" and "To Save Her Soul" (all 1909).  Strangely enough none of Griffith's films listed any performers on the credits, but Pickford did get a large amount of public notice from her work with Biograph company. 

In 1910, she decided to leave Biograph and join Independent Motion Picture Company which later became Universal Studio's.  She remained with them for two years but then actually left and returned back to work with the director Griffith in 1912.  It seemed as though most of her more well known and best work took place with Griffith as the director such as, "Friends", "The Mender of Nets," "Just Like a Woman" and "The Female of the Species."  She ended her time with Biograph with one final film in 1912 in, "The New York Hat" and then Pickford chose to return to perform on the broadway stage in, "A Good Little Devil".   It was then that she realized her love and appreciation for film versus working on the stage and she decided to put 100% focus towards expanding her film career. 

She joined Famous Players later known as Paramount and appeared in such films as, "In the Bishop's Carriage", "Hearts Adrift" (1914) and "Tess of the Storm Country" (1914).  

Pickford became a co-founder of the Studio, United Artists where she began to not only act in her own movies but work as the producer on them as well.  She also received distribution rights and was the first actress to ever earn more then a million dollars per year.  Her signature, 'little girl' roles she portrayed were a major hit.  Pickford was also named the 24th most popluar actress among the American Film Institute Hollywood industry of all times.

As silent films began to fade and talkies were coming into play, Pickford tried to shed her little girl image on film.  She even changed her hairstyle, however the public had a hard time accepting her playing more adult roles.  She took a role in the film, "Coquette" (1929) and earned herself an Academy Award for Best Actress which was a huge accomplishment, but still her fan base was decreasing.  Her career as one of the most popular actresses began to slowly fade away. 

Pickford decided in 1933, it was time to retire from the industry.  Mary was no longer interested in pursuing her acting career in this era but she did still play a role as a producer in a number of films. 

However, her personal life was at an all time low.  She developed an alcohol addiction and became very depressed and isolated herself from others.

She was married a total of three times, first to Owen Moore from 1886 to 1939, followed by a marriage to Fairbanks, an actor, on March 28th, 1920.   However the couple was living such a stressed life between their highly demanding professional careers that Fairbanks often chose to travel overseas to escape the preasure and when he had a romance with Lady Sylvia Ashley, it lead to divorce between Fairbanks and Pickford.   Again, though, Pickford chose to enter into the vow of marriage to her final husband, also an actor, Charles 'Buddy' Rogers.  Together the couple adopted two children and remained married for 40 years until Mary Pickford passed away on May 29th, 1979 from cerebral hemorrhage at the age of eighty seven.   She was burried in the Garden of Memory of the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. 

Mary Pickford was honored in many ways for her contribution to the motion picture industry and her overall talent as an actress and producer.   She was given an Academy Honorary Award for a lifetime of achievments in 1976.   Also during World War I, Pickford was one of the most prominent film stars to promote the sale of Liberty Bonds.   She was also responsible for starting an organization called Motion Picture Relief Fund which helped out struggling actors financially.

Mary Pickford's largest contribution was to shaping the overall film industry.   She was one of the most powerful woman to ever work in Hollywood as an actress and producer.   She even has buildings named after her legacy such as the, "Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study" constructed by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.  There is also a "Mary Pickford Theater" at the Library of Congress in honor of her.        
 
 
Filmography
 
1909   The Heart of an Outlaw   
1909   Mrs. Jones Entertains    
1909   The Fascinating Mrs. Francis    
1909   The Deception    
1909   The Drive for a Life    
1909   Two Memories    
1909   His Duty   
1909   What Drink Did    
1909   The Violin Maker of Cremona    
1909   The Lonely Villa
1909   The Son's Return   
1909   Her First Biscuits    
1909   The Faded Lilies    
1909   The Peachbasket Hat    
1909   The Mexican Sweethearts    
1909   The Way of Man   
1909   The Necklace    
1909   The Country Doctor
1909   The Cardinal's Conspiracy   
1909   Tender Hearts    
1909   The Renunciation    
1909   The Slave    
1909   A Strange Meeting    
1909   They Would Elope   
1909   His Wife's Visitor   
1909   The Indian Runner's Romance    
1909   The Seventh Day   
1909   Oh, Uncle!    
1909   The Sealed Room
1909   The Little Darling
1909   The Hessian Renegades
1909   Getting Even
1909   The Children's Friend
1909   The Broken Locket
1909   In Old Kentucky
1909   Wanted, A Child
1909   The Awakening
1909   The Little Teacher
1909   His Lost Love
1909   In the Watches of the Night
1909   Lines of White on a Sullen Sea
1909   What's Your Hurry?
1909   The Gibson Goddess
1909   The Restoration
1909   The Light That Came
1909   A Sweet Revenge
1909   A Midnight Adventure
1909   The Mountaineer's Honor
1909   The Trick That Failed
1909   The Test
1909   To Save Her Soul
1910   All on Account of the Milk    
1910   The Call    
1910   The Woman from Mellon's   
1910   The Englishman and the Girl    
1910   The Newlyweds    
1910   The Thread of Destiny   
1910   The Twisted Trail    
1910   The Smoker   
1910   His Last Dollar
1910   The Two Brothers
1910   As It Is in Life
1910   A Rich Revenge
1910   A Romance of the Western Hills
1910   The Kid
1910   The Unchanging Sea
1910   Love Among the Roses
1910   An Affair of Hearts
1910   Ramona
1910   In the Season of Buds
1910   A Victim of Jealousy
1910   The Face at the Window
1910   Never Again
1910   May and December
1910   A Child's Impulse
1910   Muggsy's First Sweetheart
1910   What the Daisy Said
1910   A Flash of Light
1910   Serious Sixteen
1910   The Call to Arms
1910   An Arcadian Maid
1910   The Userer
1910   When We Were in Our Teens
1910   The Sorrows of the Unfaithful
1910   Wilfull Peggy
1910   Muggsy Becomes a Hero
1910   Little Angels of Luck
1910   A Summer Tragedy
1910   Examination Day at School
1910   The Iconoclast
1910   A Gold Necklace
1910   That Chink at Golden Gulch
1910   That Chink at Golden Gulch
1910   The Masher
1910   A Lucky Toothache
1910   Waiter No. 5
1910   Simple Charity
1910   Sunshine Sue
1910   The Song of the Wildwood Flute
1910   A Plain Song
1910   A Child's Stratagem
1910   White Roses
1910   Little Nell's Tobacco
1911   A Dog's Tale
1911   The Daddy's Dream
1911   When a Man Loves
1911   Their First Misunderstanding
1911   The Italian Barber
1911   The Dream
1911   Maid or Man
1911   Three Sisters
1911   At the Duke's Command
1911   When the Cat's Away
1911   The Mirror
1911   Her Darkest Hour
1911   The Convert
1911   Pictureland
1911   Artful Kate
1911   A Manly Man
1911   A Decree of Destiny
1911   The Message in the Bottle
1911   Conscience
1911   The Fishermaid
1911   In Old Madrid
1911   Sweet Memories
1911   The Stampede
1911   Second Sight
1911   The Temptress
1911   The Fair Dentist
1911   For Her Brother's Sake
1911   The Master and the Man
1911   The Lighthouse Keeper
1911   Back to the Soil
1911   Behind the Stockade
1911   In the Sultan's Garden
1911   For the Queen's Honor
1911   A Gasoline Engagement
1911   A Quarter of Two
1911   Science
1911   The Skating Bug
1911   The Call of the Song
1911   The Toss of a Coin
1911    By the House That Jack Built
1911   'Tween Two Loves
1911   The Sentinel Asleep
1911   The Better Way
1911   The Agressor
1911   His Dress Shirt
1911   From the Bottom of the Sea
1911   The Courting of Mary
1911   Love Heeds Not Showers
1911   Little Red Hiding Hood
1912   Grannie
1912   Honor Thy Father
1912   The Mender of Nets
1912   A Siren of Impulse
1912   A Timely Repentance
1912   Iola's Promise
1912   Fate's Interception
1912   The Female of the Species
1912   Just Like a Woman
1912   Won By a Fish
1912   The Old Actor
1912   A Lodging for the Night
1912   A Beast at Bay
1912   Home Folks
1912   Lena and the Geese
1912   The School Teacher and the Waif
1912   An Indian Summer
1912   The Narrow Road
1912   A Child's Remorse
1912   The Inner Circle
1912   With the Enemy's Help
1912   A Pueblo Romance
1912   A Pueblo Legend
1912   Friends  
1912   So Near, Yet So Far
1912   A Feud in the Kentucky Hills
1912   The One She Loved
1912   My Baby
1912   The Informer
1912   The New York Hat
1913   The Unwelcome Guest  
1913   Fate
1913   In the Bishop's Garden  
1913   Caprice 
1914   Hearts Adrift 
1914   A Good Little Devil 
1914   Tess of the Storm Country 
1914   The Eagle's Mate 
1914   Such a Little Queen 
1914   Behind the Scenes 
1914   His Gratitude 
1914   Cinderella 
1915   The Foundling  
1915   Broken Hearts 
1915   Mistress Nell 
1915   Fanchon, The Cricket
1915   Fanchon, the cricket
1916   The Dawn of a Tomorrow
1916   Little Pal
1916   Rags 
1916   Esmerelda 
1916   A Girl of Yesterday 
1916   Madame Butterfly 
1916   Poor Little Peppina 
1916   The Eternal Grind 
1916   Hulda from Holland 
1916   Less Than the Dust 
1917   All-Star Production of Patriotic Episodes for the Second Liberty Loan 
1917   The Pride of the Clan  
1917   The Poor Little Rich Girl
1917   A Romance of the Redwoods
1917   The Little American
1917   Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm
1917   The Little Princess 
1918   Amarilly of Clothes-Line Alley 
1918   How Could You Jean?
1918   Johanna Enlists 
1918   One Hundred Percent American 
1919   Captain Kidd, Jr.  
1919   The Hoodlum 
1919   Heart o' the Hills
1920   Pollyanna   
1920   Suds  
1921   The Love Light
1921   The Nut
1921   Through the Back Door
1921   Little Lord Fauntleroy
1922   Tess of the Storm Country
1923   Rosita
1924   Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall
1925   Little Annie Rooney
1925   Ben-Hur: A Tale of Christ
1926   The Black Pirate
1926   Sparrows  
1927   My Best Girl  
1927   The Gaucho
1929   Coquette
1929   The Taming of the Shrew  
1930   Forever Yours 
1931   Kiki 
1933   Secrets





Matinee Classics - A Good Little Devil starring Mary Pickford
Matinee Classics - An Arcadian Maid starring Mary Pickford, Mack Sennett, George Nichols, Kate Bruce, William J. Butler, Charles Craig, Edward Dillon, John T. Dillon, Frank Evans, Francis J. Grandon, Joseph Graybill, Henry Lehrman, W. Chrystie Miller, Anthony O'Sullivan and Alfred Paget
Matinee Classics - Mary Pickford aka Gladys Marie Smith
Matinee Classics - Mary Pickford
Matinee Classics - Mary Pickford and Company Radio Show


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