THE MARX BROTHERS BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:
The Marx Brothers were originally from New York City and they put together a family comedy act that became highly successful in Vaudeville, Broadway and even Motion Pictures. The act consisted of the three older brothers, Chico, Harpo and Groucho. There were two younger brothers as well, Gummo and Zeppo but in time these two were unable to develop the same level of stage actors that their brothers were and so they went on to pursue careers in a different field.
The boys were born to parents, Minnie Schonberg and Simon Marx who were originally Jewish immigrants and they grew up in the poor Yorkville section of New York City's Upper East Side.
From a young age the boys musical talents were encouraged by their parents. Not only were they vocally talented but each boy could play a number of instruments.
Their start began in Vaudeville as a singing group and soon switched to evolve into a comedy group with music. By the 1920's, the brothers had become one of America's favorite theatrical acts. They became highly famous for their improvisational comedy.
Under the Management of Chico, the vaudeville act lead them to become stars on Broadway with the musical revue, "I'll Say She IS" (1924-1925) followed by two musical comedies, "The Cocoanuts" (1925-1926) and "Animal Crackers" (1928-1929).
As their stage show was increasing in popularity, Hollywood was making the switch from silent films to the "talkie" era. Paramount Pictures signed them to a contract and they began to work in the film industry. Their most popular film was, "Horse Feathers" (1932) in which the boys made fun of the American college system and earned them the cover photo on Time Magazine.
Alongside their stage and film career, two of the brothers, Chico and Groucho starred in a radio comedy series called, "Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel". In 1933, the brothers did their last film for Paramount called, "Duck Soup" which became the sixth highest grossing film of 1933.
Three of the brothers chose to continue to work in the industry changing the group name now to, "The Marx Bros". They went on to work with a director, Irving Thalberg who changed the way they did things. He wanted them to portray more sympathetic characters. Two films they did under their new management were, "A Night at the Opera" (1935) and "A Day at the Races" (1937). In 1936, during the filming of, "A Day at the Races" Thalberg passed away suddenly and left the brothers without anyone to vouch for their talents from MGM.
The Brothers were still well known by the public and therefore, MGM had them make three more films, "At the Circus" (1939), "Go West" (1940) and "The Big Store" (1941). Then under United Artists two more films were released, "A Night in Casablanca" (1946) and "Love Happy" (1949).
Groucho then decided to pursue a solo career and Chico and Harpo were left to find work on their own. Chico started the Chico Marx Orchestra and Groucho went on to pursue a radio career on the NBC show, "You Bet Your Life" (1947-1961). He also became an author of several books.
In the film, "The Story of Mankind" (1957) the three brothers came back together to appear, but all were in separate scenes. There was one television appearance in which all five brothers appeared together on, "The Tonight Show" called "Tonight! America After Dark" (1957).
When Chico passed away in 1961, the other four brothers did a short reunion in 1970 on an ABC television special called, "The Mad, Mad, Mad Comedians". In 1977, the Marx Brothers were inducted into the Motion Picture Hall of Fame.
Chico Marx was born on March 22nd, 1987 and starred in a total of thirteen movies with his brothers and was known as the pianist with the Italian accent. He passed away on October 11th, 1961 and is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.
Groucho Marx also known as (Julius) was born October 2nd, 1890 and was known as the most popular of the brother team. He went on to achieve fame as a solo performer after splitting from his family group. Groucho passed away on August 19th, 1977 from pneumonia and is buried at Eden Memorial Park in Mission Hills, Los Angeles, California.
Harpo Marx also known as (Adolph Arthur) was born on November 23rd, 1888. He was infatuated with music and singing from a young age and loved to play the piano. Harpo passed away on September 28th, 1964 from complications from heart surgery and was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled into a sand trap at the seventh hole of the Rancho Mirage gold course.
Milton Marx also known as "Gummo" was born on October 23rd, 1893 and was the fifth son of Minnie and Sam Marx. He passed away on April 21st, 1977 and is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, Los Angeles California.
Zeppo Marx also known as (Herbert Manfred) was born on February 25th, 1901 and was an actor with his brothers but also changed his career to veer towards working as an agent and an inventor. He passed away on November 30th, 1979 and was cremated and had his ashes scattered at sea.
1958 Showdown at Ulcer Gulch
1957 The Story of Mankind
1957 Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?
1952 A Girl in Every Port
1951 Double Dynamite
1950 Mr. Music
1949 Love Happy
1946 A Night in Casablanca
1945 The All-Star Bond Rally
1944 Hollywood canteen
1943 Screen snapshots No. 2
1943 Screen snapshots No. 8
1943 Stage Door Canteen
1941 The Big Store
1940 Go West
1939 At the Circus
1938 Room Service
1937 Sunday Night at the Trocadero
1937 A Day at the Races
1936 Hollywood: The Second Step
1936 Yours For the Asking
1935 A Night at the Opera
1935 La Fiesta de Santa Barbara
1933 Hollywood on Parade No.9
1933 Screen Snapshots
1933 Duck Soup
1932 Horse Feathers
1932 Hollywood on Parade No.5
1931 The House That Shadows Built
1931 Monkey Business
1930 Animal Crackers
1929 The Cocoanuts
1925 A Kiss in the Dark
1925 Too Many Kisses
1921 Humor Risk