AUDIE MURPHY BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:
Audie Murphy was born June 20th, 1924 in Kingston, Texas to parents Emmett Murphy and Josie Murphy. When Audie was just a young boy his father who was an alcoholic abandoned his family and left him and his 12 siblings to be raised by his mother. After only the fifth grade, Murphy dropped out of school to help financially by working so he could contribute to the family. Audie was only earning $1 a day plowing and picking cotton on various farms.
At fifteen he was working in a radio repair shop, and his mother died on May 23, 1941. Later that year, Murphy and his older sister, Corrinne, decided it was best to place his three youngest siblings in an orphanage to ensure their care while he went to war. He was actually only 16, but his sister helped him falsify his birth certificate so he could enlist. Audie was accepted into the United States Army and was sent to Camp Wolters, Texas for basic training followed by infantry training.
Murphy wanted to go overseas and into the action and in early 1943 he was shipped out to Casablanca, Morocco as a replacement in Company B, 1st Battalion. He did not experience any major war battles at that time but finally his combat initiation came when he took part in the invasion of Sicily on July 10, 1943.
Murphy distinguished himself in action on many occasions while in Italy. While there his skills as a combat infantryman earned him promotions and decorations. Murphy received the Distinguished Service Cross, second only to the Medal of Honor for bravery. He was also decorated for bravery by the governments of France and Belgium.
Audie L. Murphy received 33 U.S. medals including the Medal of Honor, plus five medals from France and one from Belgium. His photo was put on the cover of "Life Magazine" July 16th, 1945 and this event is what played a major role in getting him to work in Hollywood.
Superstar James Cagney took a liking to the photo he saw on "Life" and invited Murphy to Hollywood. Cagney productions paid to educate Murphy in the field of entertainment with lessons in acting and dancing. Sadly, at that point in his life, he was showing a lack of talent in the dancing part of the industry. For years he struggled to become successful as an actor.
Murphy did get some expereince in two small parts, "Beyond Glory" (1948) and "Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven" (1948). The following year Murphy booked his first lead role in "Bad Boy" (1949).
The majority of Murphy's roles were as wholesome youths, on the battlefield or out on the range, in low-budget productions. He starred in Stephen Crane's Civil War novel, "The Red Badge of Courage" (1951), and in the film version of his autobiography, "To Hell and Back" (1955). Murphy had made a commitment to Universal and signed with them, even though he was now a decent actor, the films he was being cast in were not so good.
After the Korean War broke out in June 1950, Murphy joined the Texas National Guard, however that division was not called up for combat duty and in 1956 he left that divison.
In 1960 he worked on, "The Unforgiven", however the cheap Western movies that he had starred in in previously were now becoming a thing of the past. He tried something different, starring in, "The Texican" (1966), an inexpensive form of horse opera, but this too was unsuccessful.
Murphy passed away on May 28th, 1971 when he was aboard a private plane on his way to a business meeting and it crashed causing all six passengers on board to perish. Murphy was burried with full military honors in Alrington National Cemetery.
1971 A Time For Dying
1967 40 Guns to Apache Pass
1966 The Texas Kid
1965 Arizona Raiders
1964 Apache Rifles
1964 Gunfight at Comanche Creek
1961 Posse From Hell
1960 Hell Bent For Leather
1960 The Unforgiven
1959 Cast a Long Shadow
1959 No Name on the Bullet
1959 The Wild and the Innocent
1958 Ride a Crooked Trail
1958 The Gun Runners
1958 The Quiet American
1957 Joe Butterfly
1957 Night Passage
1957 The Guns of Fort Petticoat
1956 Walk the Proud Land
1955 To Hell and Back
1954 Ride Clear of Diablo
1951 The Red Badge of Courage
1949 The Story of Danny Lester
1949 Bad Boy
1948 Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven
1948 Beyond Glory